Pho Minh pagoda – unique and ancient pagoda in Nam Dinh city, built in the noi cong ngoai quoc style. it still have many relics with big historical value.
Location: Located in Tuc Mac Hamlet, Loc Vuong Commune, Nam Dinh City, far from Hanoi about 9km and 3km north of Nam Dinh City.
Characteristics: The pagoda was originally built during the Ly Dynasty and later expanded in 1262 during the Tran Dynasty. It was a place for high-ranking mandarins and the aristocracy of the Tran Royal Court to worship and lead their religious life.
The Entrance to Pho Minh Pagoda
The pagoda built in the noi cong ngoai quoc style where the inner part was built in the form of the Han Chinese ideograph word cong (I) and the outer, the Chinese word quoc, had clear imprints of the cohabitation of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism.
A 7-tonne cauldron in Pho Minh pagoda
A 7-tonne cauldron, since vanished, once guarded the front and could hold two men, was dubbed one of the four precious objects of An Nam, joining the Bao Thien Tower, the Quy Dien Bell and Quynh Lam Statue.
The statue of King Tran Nhan Tong lying on his left side shows him entering Nirvana; the statues of the three founders of the Truc Lam Buddhist Sect, Tran Nhan Tong, Phap Loa and Huyen Quang; and 60 red-lacquered and gold-trimmed Buddha and Saint Statues have been preserved in the pagoda.
In particularly, a 13 story-tower in the shape of a lotus, 21 meters high, was built within the vicinity of the pagoda in 1305. It is estimated that the 700-tonne tower relies on an area of only 30 square meters but up to now it has remained where for 700 years. The base and the tower’s first floor were constructed with flagstones and the upper floors were built with bricks.